[Header] PHMSA - U.S. Department of Transportation - Pipeline and Hazardous materials Safety Adminis
Kids & Teachers

Do you have a paper to write about the safety of our transportation of oil or hazardous materials?

Ask your teacher, parent or guardian to Contact PHMSA if you need help. 

There is a lot of interesting information available on the PHMSA website. If you don't find what you are looking for, please ask us about it in our Feedback Form.

What does natural gas smell like? What should I do if I smell it?

Learn how to recognize potential natural gas leaks and how to respond to them with Grove Municipal Services Authority's brochure."

Outside Pages of the Scratch 'n Sniff Brochure
Outside Pages of the Scratch 'n Sniff Brochure
(click on the image for a larger version)

Inside Page of the Scratch 'n Sniff Brochure
Inside Page of the Scratch 'n Sniff Brochure
(click on the image for a larger version)

What are Pipelines? Why Do We Need Them?
Pipelines are tools for moving, or transporting, the natural gas and hazardous liquids that America depends on for everyday activities such as cooking, air travel, and heating homes and businesses. PHMSA issues regulations to maintain the safety of these pipelines and pipeline facilities.

There are 2.6 million miles of pipelines in the United States of America. Over 97 percent of the nation's transportation energy needs are met by petroleum products, and 64 percent of these products are moved through America's pipelines.

Figure 1.
Natural Gas Pipeline Systems:
From the Wellhead to the Consumer.

[large view]

Figure 2:
Petroleum Pipeline Systems: From the Wellhead to the End User.

[large view]

What are Hazardous Materials? Why Do We Need Them?
A Hazardous Material is any substance or material that can cause a significant risk to human health, safety or the environment when it's transported, used incorrectly, or not properly stored or contained. PHMSA issues regulations to make sure that hazardous materials are transported safely. Hazardous materials are also referred to as hazmat.

Placards must be used in the transportation of hazardous materials.

Hazardous materials are vital to the economy, because we all depend on these materials to heat our homes, provide fuel for our transportation system, and deliver chemicals to enhance food production and drugs to diagnose and treat illnesses. Over 3.1 billion tons of hazardous materials are shipped annually, equaling 28 percent of all ton miles of annual freight.

Learning Resources
Video: Call 811 Before You Dig FOR KIDS
Adults are required to call 811 before they start digging projects to avoid accidentally damaging underground pipelines.
KidZone: How to Stay Safe at Home
Learn how to identify hazardous products in your house, why household hazardous waste is an environmental and health problem, and how you can insure a safer home and environment.
Teachers' Curriculum - 811 Kids Safety Program
The Common Ground Alliance (CGA) launched the Kids Safety Program Curriculum to provide a fun, educational damage prevention program to teach children the importance of respecting underground utilities.
Just For Kids!