Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990
PHMSA is responsible for implementing the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 as it applies to onshore oil pipelines to decrease the likelihood of pipeline spills, diminish the environmental consequences of spills, and ensure that the responses to spills are swift and well planned. The program has several elements, all of which are intended to ensure that pipeline operators are able to protect the environment from major oil spills.
The United States contains about 183,602 miles of hazardous liquid pipelines. PHMSA's regulations cover design, construction, operation, maintenance, and emergency response efforts of these pipelines to ensure safe hazardous liquid transportation. PHMSA's pipeline safety program aims to protect people and the environment through a comprehensive program featuring effective risk management, regulatory compliance, and a strong, balanced Federal-State partnership.
Facility Response Plans
Operators of any onshore oil pipeline(s) that, because of its location, could reasonably be expected to cause substantial harm, or significant and substantial harm to the environment by discharging oil into or on any United States waters or adjoining shorelines must submit two copies of a response plan.
Note: Submission of plans in electronic format is preferred.
For further information, refer to 49 CFR Part 194.